Alternative MethodsConventional Methods


June 21

Hacking the Brain: Dimensions of Cognitive Enhancement (Research)

Reading time 3 min.

In our rapidly transforming society, demand for excellent cognitive abilities is growing. A recent research, published in ACS Chemical Neuroscience Journal, is devoted to different dimensions of cognitive enhancement and reviews examples of various cognitive enhancers.

Information society requires to develop cognitive skills by slow, effortful and expensive learning and training. As the world changes faster and faster, these skills often become obsolete and needless. On both individual and societal levels, it has become very important to improve the ways to acquire cognitive skills and constantly develop them. Thus, more and more researchers, companies and individuals are starting to explore the strategies to enhance the brain.

Cognitive enhancement is known as interventions made by humans with an aim to improve mental functioning beyond what is needed to keep or regain good health. It is more widespread to think of pharmacological ways of enhancement in the modern bioethical discussion but academics from leading European universities included nonpharmacological means in their research as well. It was decided to categorize cognitive enhancement strategies as either biochemical, physical, or behavioral interventions.

Biochemical Strategies

Biochemical interventions are most popular in the public debate these days. Interestingly, these are not just ‘smart drugs’. Even such ordinary substances like oxygen are known to boost memory processes.

Most ancient biochemical means to boost our brain function are particular nutritional components. Most popular are glucose and caffeine. On the other hand, the absence of food is also known to boost cognitive functions – fasting and restricting calorie intake are known to improve memory among the elderly.

Natural remedies are also popular brain boosters: herbs like salvia, ginseng and ginkgo biloba are known to enhance cognitive abilities.

Recreational drugs that impair many cognitive functions and actually enhance other processes. For example, nicotine improves attention and memory while alcohol boosts creative processes.

Pharmaceuticals like amphetamine, methylphenidate, or modafinil, or antidementia drugs such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and memantine are in the center of public debate regarding cognitive enhancement.

Some of the latest biochemical interventions are genetic modifications that have already shown to augment learning and memory processes in animals. However, this mode of enhancement is still subject to a great debate regarding its ethics.

Physical Strategies

Most physical strategies for cognitive enhancement are brain stimulation technologies: deep brain stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, transcranial alternating current stimulation, transcranial random noise stimulation, transcranial pulsed current stimulation, transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation and median nerve stimulation. While these methods are still being rigorously studied, they already gained popularity.

Optical stimulation with lasers and different types of acoustic stimulation like transcranial focused ultrasound, binaural beats, sleep EEG slow oscillations and others have also shown some potential for cognitive enhancement.

Among some indirect strategies there are whole body vibrations, stochastic resonance motor control improvement and neurofeedback. These methods improve memory and visuospatial skills.

In the tech world, there are of course hundreds of devices being developed for cognitive enhancement. Wearable electronic memory aids, augmented reality gadgets, extending bodily implants, neural implants, brain-computer interfaces can improve multiple aspects of cognitive performance.

Behavioral Strategies

Behavioral strategies are probably not what comes to mind when thinking of cognitive enhancement, but they actually have the longest history. Daily activities like sleep, physical exercise, musical training, dancing, and learning a second language improve cognitive abilities.

Besides these natural and cultural activities, there are other behavioral strategies. Mnemonic techniques improve learning and memory, meditation is good for attention and mindfulness. Video games and computer trainings can also improve particular cognitive skills.

References

  1. https://pubs.acs.org
  2. Juengst E. T. (1998) What does enhancement mean? In Enhancing Human Traits: Ethical and Social Implications (Parens E., Ed.), pp 29–47, Georgetown University Press.
  3. ACS Chem. Neurosci. 2019, 10, 3, 1137–1148 Publication Date:December 14, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00571
Comments

Leave your questions here

To write a comment you must
or
Services
Category filter
Concern filter
Type filter
Sort
 

All categories

Emotional Stress Release
$800 USD
Retreat( India): Connect With Your Inner Wisdom 1st to 4th Sept

Join us for an immersive experience anchored amidst the beauty and tranquillity of Kasar Devi, Almora, India

1st Sept’22 ( Thursday) - 4th Sept 2022 ( Sunday …

Aikyam
Psychic Reading
$80 USD
I will do oracle and tarot card readings

I will do oracle & tarot card reading in any area of your life. You will get answer from the Angelic, Elemental, Faerie or Galactic realms. I will share wi…

Wisdom Realms
Natal Astrology
$15 USD
15 min reading of SOUL structure

[SOUL STRUCTURE]Each soul has own structure,and knowing it means to have unlimited access to inner energy. This readings are telling about your talents and str…

Ksenia Jdanova
Wellness Coaching
$10 USD
Ask a Question?

Supportive reflection of a current question that you would like clarity around. Using the SMART method to seek quidance in stepping onto your path of potential…

Beverly Lynn
Reiki
$150 USD
Reiki Services (distant healing session)

In this hour long distant healing session I will use long distance Reiki, crystals and essential oils to balance your Chakras. Balancing your Chakras allows en…

Erin Kirby
Tarot Reading
$10 USD
Intuitive Tarot Reading

Affordable Tarot reading to offer guidance on any given concern.

Elphie Shoppe
Telepsychology
$10 USD
Talk Therapy Sessions

Hello there: These times are dread. Do you need to talk with a safe professional about a troubling personal challenge? I am a professional listener and will li…

Eulalee Thompson
Tarot Reading
$10 USD
Tarot Reading

I offer tarot readings with a 100% accuracy rate. The tarot is meant to give you advice, to point you in the right direction or to provide you with clarity. Bu…

Zara Kalil
Angel Healing
$10 USD
Mental Health Advice & Tips

I can help you with past issues and give advice and tips on how to better your life. I can see through my third eye and receive messageson what you need to do …

Beings Of Light
Life Coaching
$10 USD
Discovery call

Are you interested in supporting your health with safe and effective holistic medicine? Not sure if you should switch diets, work with a health coach or explor…

Suzana Da Costa
Wellness Coaching
$50 USD
Mental Health and Holistic Lifestyle Coaching

Hi there! I’m Doug and I offer 1 on 1 Holistic Lifestyle and Mental Health Coaching sessions. Navtigating life with mental health issues of any sevarity is a h…

Doug Peterson
Wellness Coaching
$10 USD
Mental Health and Holistic Lifestyle Coaching Consultation

Hi there! I’m Doug and I offer 1 on 1 Holistic Lifestyle and Mental Health Coaching sessions. Navtigating life with mental health issues of any sevarity is a h…

Doug Peterson
Family Psychology
$10 USD
Psychic Reading

Expert in Love Relationship, Tarot Psychic Reading I can give you more powerful insight of every part of your life. With the help of Crystal ball my Psychic re…

Aamir Bilal
Career Coaching
$195 USD
Holistic Lifestyle & Nutrition Coaching

ARE YOU TIRED? STRESSED OUT? STRUGGLING WITH YOUR WEIGHT? UNDER SLEPT? LOST YOUR ZEST FOR LIFE?

If this sounds like you, then you don’t need a new diet… you n…

David Giddings
Bach flower therapy
$120 USD
Bach Flower Essence Consultation

Exploration of where you’re feeling stuck or limited in life and recommendations of Bach Flower Essences to help loosen and dissolve old patterns.

Suzana Da Costa
Cognitive-behavioral therapy
$100 USD
Subliminal therapy

In this service we will use Subliminal therapy and Sound healing as alternative to tradition cognitive behavioral therapy.

We are born with our thoughts. Do n…

Ahmed Amin Youssef
Spiritual Healing
$10 USD
Intro 2 Alignment Healing Chant

Namaste.

That is my greeting to the spirit within you. Join me for a welcome introduction session to celebrate my arrival at Core Spirit!

For 15 minutes I wi…

Ti3rc3 Fire
Mediumism
$55 USD
Psychic Medium Readings

READINGS Currently, all readings will be offered virtually. Appointments are available on Tuesday and Thursday mornings between 9am-1pm (UK Time Zone). When we…

Jan Morgan
Oracle Cards Reading
$25 USD
Psychic Reading 15 Minutes

Well-versed in the main 5 clairs, I will Intuitively answer your questions for 15 minutes.

Jyll Hoyrup
Emotional Stress Release
$150 USD
Creatrix® Breakthrough

This is a revolutionary process, SPECIALLY designed for women. You will be able to clear your most depeest BLOCKS and limiting beliefs. 

This is the only too…

Tamar Viva
Distance Healing
$10 USD
Energy Healing (Distant)

Distant Energy healing promotes relaxation, reduces tension and stress and will support an overal sense of well being after a treatment. It is an effective ad…

Beverly Lynn
Emotional Freedom Technique
$10 USD
Transform Your Relationship With Your Money

In this session, you will learn the basics of Emotional Freedom Technique, or EFT. Together we will use that technique, sometimes called simply tapping, to sor…

Nancy Allen
Personal Development Coaching
$10 USD
Anxiety and Depression - Coaching Consultation and Assessment Call

Are you looking to begin making a change in your life and become the best version of yourself by breaking free from the emotional barriers that has been blocki…

Amritha Kailas
Mind Control
$72 USD
Women's Emotional Wellness and Transformation Coaching

Are you dealing with confusion, low esteem, anxiety, depression, overthinking , relationship issues and trying to find focus, confidence, purpose, peace and b…

Amritha Kailas