Physical therapy helps to restore mobility and make a patient's life normal after an injury, illness or disability. It involves assessment, diagnosis and treatment of a number of diseases, disabilities and disorders using physical means. Physiotherapy helps a patient to prevent them from further injuries. Shortly, physiotherapy improves and maximizes the patient’s strength, wellbeing and performance, solving the main problems at the same time.
Main types of physiotherapy:
- Orthopedic. This therapy alleviates pain, increases mobilization and eliminates skeletal injury. The main purpose of this therapy is to correct the muscles, bones, joints. It is related to the musculoskeletal system.
- Pediatric. This kind of therapy is related to children's health. It improves injuries found in children at the time of birth (genetic defects or delay in physical growth). There are a lot of exercises which are done to improve the movement of the body parts and to strengthen the affected part.
- Geriatric. Geriatric problems include age-related matters such as osteoporosis, arthritis. Doing this kind of therapy restricts certain movements of the body to avoid pain, but patients are given aids and a system of exercises to improve their overall mobility.
- Neurological. This type of physiotherapy takes place when there is a loss of balance, coordination and extreme weakness of the muscles, muscle spasms and decrease in sensation. The main aim of it is to treat the functional disorders of the body which occur due to disorders of the nervous system (stroke, brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's etc.).
- Vestibular rehabilitation. It focuses on bringing back the balance of the body that is caused by a problem in the inner ear which destroys this balance and gives the sensation of vertigo and chronic dizziness. Vestibular rehabilitation helps the muscles to become more studier.
- Cardiopulmonary. This type of therapy is given to the patient who has suffered any cardiopulmonary disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiac arrest. Patients are told about exercises and techniques that can help them improve the quality of their life.
When do you need therapy?
- If you suffer from chronic pain for a long time,
- If you were injured while playing/falling/fighting,
- While preparing for surgery and after,
- While preparing for pregnancy and after,
- In order to prevent muscle wasting and joint mobility,
- In order to prevent thrombosis,
- In order to prevent pressure sores,
- In order to prevent chest complications.
Advantages of physiotherapy:
The first and the greatest advantage of physical therapy is providing complete relief from pain and disabilities. The main methods used in physiotherapy are ice packs, compression garments, laser therapy, electrical stimulation and ultrasound. Depending on the severity of the condition, patients can get pain relief and disability improvement. On the other hand physiotherapy can not be appropriate for every situation and needs to be considered as an adjunct therapy. Another advantage of physiotherapy is that patients do not have to undergo surgery as is often the case with injured patients. Physical therapy is the best method of offering relief to injured patients. Therapists teach them how to get up from a chair or from a lying position and move easily.
Physiotherapy is a very effective way to reduce pain, disability and correct the conditions related to the musculoskeletal system.
Disadvantages of physiotherapy:
Pain. It may happen that your pain increases while you recuperate and recover. To address such pain, oral pain medicines might be administered prior to a session of physical therapy or heat/cold therapy and topical methods. Swelling. Because of the fact that the tissues, muscles and ligaments are stretched in order to strengthen them. This can result in swelling and further pain.
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