Pregnancy is one of the most important events in the life of any couple. But during pregnancy, various situations may arise that require qualified assistance or advice from various multidisciplinary specialists.
Maternal and Fetal Medicine (MFM), also known as perinatology, is a branch of medicine that focuses on addressing maternal and fetal health problems before, during, and shortly after pregnancy.
MFM certified specialists help assess risks, diagnose complications and manage a difficult pregnancy resulting from a wide range of medical and surgical problems, including:
- Repeated miscarriages
- Premature birth
- Elderly maternal age
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding and coagulation defects
- Blood group incompatibility
- Asthma / seizures
- Post-transplant pregnancy
- Fetal anomalies
Professional advice will help:
- Make childbirth easier and less painful
- Prepare parents for the birth of a child
- Give parents all the necessary knowledge of caring for a baby up to 1-year-old
- Avoid potential complications during pregnancy
Over the past two decades, a special direction in perinatology has appeared - intensive care of newborns, which provides for a complex of therapeutic measures for the birth of a child with symptoms of oxygen deficiency (asphyxia), aimed at restoring cardiac activity, respiration, and blood. flow, metabolism in all vital organs.
Special equipment was created to control the basic functions of the body, to create an optimal model of nursing newborns with impaired adaptation and asphyxia.
In recent years, thanks to advances in microbiology and the creation of appropriate diagnostic equipment, it has become possible to study intrauterine infections.
It has been proven that not only septic flora, but also numerous viruses play a role in infection, and sometimes in infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn. HIV infection is of great importance. However, many issues related to intrauterine infection (intrauterine diagnosis, therapy, prognosis, pregnancy management) remain poorly discovered.
Currently, in all countries of the world, perinatology continues to develop, more and more delving into the study of the pathophysiology of organisms of the mother, fetus, newborn.
Systems of diagnostic and therapeutic measures are being created, including fetoscopy and intrauterine surgery of the fetus.