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A Brief Guide To Water Polo

Feb 10, 2021
Joseph Evans
Core Spirit member since Feb 9, 2021
Reading time 15 min.

A Brief Guide To Water Polo

Water Polo is a round of perseverance and cooperation. The game is played between two groups, each having six players and one goalkeeper. The game is played in the water so the players should have swimming abilities alongside abilities, for example, tossing, getting, and passing.

The goal of the game is to score however much objective as could be expected to dominate the game. Players and goalies use covers of various tones to separate themselves from one another.

A Brief History of Water Polo

This game, which requests the prevalence of wellness and swimming abilities can be gone back to the nineteenth century when its birthplace occurred in England and Scotland. Prior days swimming and water hustling rivalries were ruling all over. Not long after getting prominence, it was presented without precedent for the Olympics in the year 1900.

William Wilson, from Great Britain is the producer of the guidelines of water polo. In Arlington shower club, he was the principal shower ace. Arlington is where first sea-going football rivalry was coordinated in the last part of the 1800’s. The balls utilized around then were comprised of Indian elastic.

In prior days, water polo was known as water rugby. Around then, the players were permitted to utilize their actual strength upon their rivals to gather the ball and the goalie’s position was outside the playing territory. He reserved the option to practice his force by bouncing on anyone who attempted to put the ball on the deck.

Partaking Countries

The game has its far and wide fame everywhere in the world. The two ladies and men can play this game. Anyway the quantity of taking an interest country for men overwhelms the ladies. Nations like the US, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia are well known in men’s class of title while nations like Australia, Greece, Italy are famous among ladies’ classification.

Water Polo is administered by the International Swimming Federation. For the most recent two years, the United States (US) and Serbia have won the FINA water polo alliance in ladies classification and men class individually. Bergamo, Italy was the last to have the FINA water polo alliance.

Serbia beat the decoration list in men’s positioning classification by sacking nine golds, one silver and one bronze and the same is the award status with the United States in ladies classification.

Water Polo - Playing Environment

An entire 25-yard, 6 or 8 path pool is viewed as the field of play. Hued lines are utilized to stamp the field of play in greater pools. The markings should be possible as follows −

White − from objective line to the point of avoidance region.

Red − These are the lines set apart from 2-meter line to objective line.

Yellow − Usually 5-meter lines to 2-meter lines are set apart in this tone.

Water Polo - Equipment

Water polo is a game played in water, so clearly the instruments which will be utilized here, are not quite the same as the comparative sort of game being played on the ground. How about we view them.

Ball − The ball consists of water verification material. Its cover is so planned and finished that it gives extra hold to the player. It drifts on water and its size shifts for people in the class of titles.

Cap − A cap is utilized for the assurance reason. The point is to secure the ear and head. It is likewise used to separate the groups. The group who is playing in their home ground wears white hued covers while the opposing group wears dull shaded covers other than white. The goalkeepers wear red covers having ear defenders.

Goal line − Goalposts are set on the two sides of the pool. They are made to glide on water utilizing floaters. They typically consisted of glass fortified polyester pitch. The supporting structure is made of steel to invigorate extra. Four bolster attachments and one set of support are needed for each pair of pens.

Mouth Guard − This is the main instrument for the players. While jumping submerged, in some cases players face weighty effects. This will guarantee player’s assurance from that. A decent mouth watch is one that permits simple breathing and clear talking while at the same time playing.

Bathing suit − Swim briefs or jammers (tight length trunks) are the bathing suit outfit for male players. Female players wear one-piece bathing suits. Tight fitting bathing suits are significant in light of the fact that suit snatching fouls are regular in this game. It ought to be composed of fortified texture and harder sewing.

How to Play Water Polo?

The game necessities a blend and equilibrium of wrestling, swimming and guarded abilities. More often than not, the player needs to keep his head out of the water. So the swimming abilities utilized here are certainly not the same as that of the ordinary water swimming. Front paw stroke is more normal and famous. To hit the ball, arm stroke is additionally utilized. Safeguarding players use backstroke to propel the rival colleague while the goalie utilizes it to follow the ball.

The Eggbeater Method

To exchange the water, quite possibly the most widely recognized technique utilized is the eggbeater strategy. In this strategy, the player moves his leg in a round movement submerged to keep himself stable. It is again of two sorts.

Flat Eggbeater

Vertical Eggbeater

Flat eggbeater is utilized to push ahead towards the rival and to impede the ball, though vertical eggbeater is utilized by the player to keep himself at a higher situation than that of the adversary.

Protective and assaulting jobs are doled out to six players known as defenders. One man is kept as the goalkeeper. The capacity of the defenders is to score objectives against rival groups and forestall the equivalent for their group. Goalkeeper prevents the ball from going into the goal line. Hefty power is expected to swim across the pool while at the same time passing the ball and to score an objective.

While passing and shooting the ball, the player ought to adjust his body toward the movement of the ball. Utilizing eggbeater, he needs to keep his body skimming consistent for much of the term of the time. Utilize the body energy and remember that one hand should just touch the ball. Allow us currently to examine a portion of the other essential abilities identifying with ball taking care of.

Getting the Ball

To get a decent grasp while getting a ball, the fingers and thumbs ought to get similarly dispersed over the mass of the ball. Players can pick the ball either submerged or on the highest point of the water. The player regularly gets the ball from the highest point of the water with a reason for shooting. Picking the ball submerged has the reason for picking as it were.

Moving the Ball

The players can move the ball starting with one player then onto the next however pushing the ball submerged isn’t permitted as it might bring about a turnover. For this situation, the player needs to move the ball to the rival group.

Passing the Ball

There are two sorts of passing in water polo. They are:

Dry passing

Wet passing

On the off chance that the player passes the ball without contacting the water, at that point it is called as dry passing. With ideal speed the point is to pass the ball starting with one hand then onto the next without getting it from the water. Using reverse-pivot, the player makes it simple for his colleagues to get the ball.

Then again, the rival cooperative people use eggbeater to put them in higher situations than others to get the ball. The wet pass method is utilized to purposely land the ball on the water. For the groups having a solid opening set, this is a solid hostile system.

Shooting the Ball

Objectives can be made with any piece of the body aside from a held clench hand. Beating an objective manager from a significant distance is extremely troublesome. Subsequently the players consistently attempt to accept a nearby shot as a delicate tap ready the correct way to score an objective.

Players having great sport shooting can settle on force shot procedures where they need to produce the force of the ball by moving it with a speed to 60-90 Km each hour and afterward at last objective it towards the objective. A few players use skip shot in which the ball is shot one way yet the skipping diverts it towards the objective. The players can likewise utilize heave shot procedure where they toss the ball in a long bend to the goal line.

Fouls in Water Polo

Till now we have examined the fouls which results because of minor mix-ups because of which free toss is granted to the next group. In any case, there are some different fouls which bring about launch or kick out. These kinds of fouls are granted just when the player turns out to be more forceful actually.

Three discharges are adequate to limit a player from playing the remainder of the match.

Abundance water voyaging (around 3 km during 4 rounds) is required in this game. Players punching submerged can likewise get a launch foul. It is a typical practice by the protector to make a foul to intrude on the development of the adversary group however in the greater part of the cases except if the foul is not kidding, the match proceeds with continuous.

Water Polo - Positions

As we probably are aware out of seven parts in a group, six will be defenders while one will be the goalkeeper. Those six defenders likewise have various situations to possess. Some significant positions are:

Focus forward

Focus back

Wing players


One player each is required for focus forward and in reverse position while two players each are required as wing players and drivers. Players having the general information on hostile and guarded assaults on these all positions are called utility players. We should examine certain situations in detail.

Water Polo − Offensive Positions

The hostile positions incorporate:

Focus forward


Go-to person

The point (player situated simply behind 5 meter) consistently coordinates the assault and it is the guarding group who shields the forward assault. The mix of wing, drivers and point shapes an edge player group. The 3-3 positional set up is utilized where there will be two lines in which three players will be there on one or the other line.

The job of the middle forward player is to stand close by the goalie of the adversary group.

The job of the middle forward player is to stand close by the goalie of the adversary group and score the objectives. As this position is vital, a resilient individual is frequently picked for this.

Water Polo – Defensive Positions

The exchanging rendition of hostile position is guarded position. In man-to-man position or in zones, the protective players are put. Contradicting focus forward is consistently a twofold colleague who monitors for front and back positions. It is exceptionally hard to protect a strike shot from the middle forward position in light of the fact that the ball getting through these positions are hazardous and all are coordinated towards the side of the objectives.

In the figure, the blue ones are indicating the protective situations against the red ones (hostile positions procured by rival groups). Now and again the pointer protector insults off his man into the zone to safeguard the middle situation in a superior manner. This is known as M drop.

Goalkeeper in Water Polo

The goalkeeper effectively prevents the adversaries from shooting an objective. Aside from hindering objectives, another significant obligation of a goalkeeper is to educate his protectors about the holes that they will be unable to recognize during the match.

The goalkeeper consistently begins the hostile play henceforth he/she is called as quarterback. In the event that he can situate himself inside the 5-meter territory, at that point he can have the accompanying advantages:

The authorization to contact the lower part of the pool.

Can play the ball with the utilization of two hands.

He can punch the ball utilizing a clench hand.

Throughout a match, a goalkeeper likewise illuminates about the dangers of the adversary group’s moves.

Water Polo - Rules

Group size

Group size in this game changes for various levels. For senior level, the group size is seven, as chosen by FINA. Here six players will be field players and one will be the objective attendant. In 2014, FINA diminished the quantity of players from 7 to 6 for the U20 and junior level competitions. This suggests that there will be 5 field players and one goalkeeper.

FINA has chosen to broaden the six player rule to all levels after the 2016 Olympic games. In the event that a group submits any significant foul, at that point the ref may guide the group to play with 6 players rather than 7 for 4 minutes. In the event that the foul is a lot serious like striking a player, at that point he/she might be even precluded from playing any future competitions.

Players might be subbed in the accompanying circumstances:

When the objectives

During the breaks

Prior to the beginning of each quarter

After wounds

After customary fouls

Covers in Water Polo

The essential standard is that the players of both the groups should wear covers as opposed to one another. Their covers might stand out from both or both of the objective attendant tone or it tends to be the same as that of the ball tone. Goalies need to wear red covers.

Water Polo − Duration and Clock

Each game is isolated into four periods. Be that as it may, the times of the game shift from competition to competition contingent fair and square of the match. Following table shows the different competitions and their related timings.

The check can be halted in the accompanying cases :

At the hour of a foul and re-toss

Between the objective scoring and restart

No group has the power to hold the ball for over 30 seconds. The 30 sec clock is reset if the group recovers the ball after the toss.

Water Polo - Officials

As we are finding out about the water polo playing strategies, we should think about the different authorities and their jobs on the field. The authorities in this game can be isolated into two classes :

Game authorities

Table authorities

Game authorities are the individuals who are answerable for the smooth running of the match while table authorities are there to refresh the score and to report to the administration board about the smooth activity of the match. The authorities and their jobs are as per the following :


The official has a definitive dynamic control over secretary, objective appointed authorities, and watches. He flags about fouls, objectives, punishments, breaks, beginning, finishing, and restarting of the match through hand and whistle. In lower level competitions, one arbitrator is sufficient though in higher competitions two officials can be available basically. A ref can likewise take the situation of objective appointed authorities on the off chance that the objective adjudicator is missing.

Objective Judge

The job of an objective adjudicator is to flag an objective and corner tosses. He additionally deals with beginning the game after the quarters and signals ill-advised beginning of the game after each quarter.


The job of the watch is to utilize the 30 second clock and shot clock. Alongside this, he refreshes the score on the electronic board and gives a signal in the event that one moment is left for the fruition of the quarter or match.


The secretary prompts the water polo board on smooth running of the match. He additionally goes about as a middle person among players and the executives. Alongside this, he leads gatherings with the administration as and when fundamental.

Water Polo - Champions

Alongside different games like football and rugby, water polo was presented as a first game in the Olympics in 1900. After the political dissent from the Australian ladies’ group, ladies water polo turned into a piece of Olympics in the late 2000.

Here is a rundown of some significant competitions in Water Polo :

NCAA Men’s Water Polo Championship

Olympic Games

NCAA Women’s Water Polo Championship

USA Water Polo Hall of Fame

Men’s Champion League Euro Cup

FINA Water Polo Tournaments

Allow us currently to investigate the vocations of some of heroes of Water Polo.

Dusan Aleksic

Dusan Aleksic is a water polo player from Canada. He began his vocation in 2000 and in 2007, he joined the lesser group at the Youth Pan American Championships.

In 2010, he joined the senior public group and in 2011, he got an opportunity to play in the FINA Championship and the group won a silver award in Pan Am Games.

Dusan assumed a significant part in assisting his group with meeting all requirements for the 2013 and 2015 FINA World Championships.

Justin Boyd

Justin Boyd has a place with Canadian group and was the most youthful part in 2008 Olympics. He began his vocation at 12 years old. In 2009, 2011, and 2013, he was a piece of the FINA Championship.

In 2009, Canada won a silver award and he was the piece of the group. He likewise addressed Canada in the World Aquatic Championships in 2015.

In 2014, he was an individual from the Canada Water Polo crew that got 6th spot in FINA Water Polo World League.

Tony Azevedo

Azevedo addressed the Water Polo crew of American. Currently, he is the commander of the US National Water Polo crew.

He began his water polo vocation with Bissolati Cremona group of Italy and scored 63 goals with a normal of 2.62 per game in 2006.

In 2007, he joined American group and played in the Melbourne World Championships where America got the silver award. In 2012, Azevedo became the commander of the United States men’s public Water Polo crew.

Nicolas Constantin Bicari

Nicolas Constantin Bicari is a water polo player for Canadian group. He began his vocation in the 2010 Junior Pan American Championship where his group won a gold award.

In 2009 FINA World Championships, he was a piece of the senior group that got eighth spot in the competition.

In the 2011 Pan American Games, he shot 10 objectives and got 6th position while his group won a silver award in the competition. Alongside this, he likewise shot 16 objectives in six rounds of FINA Championships held in 2014.

Peter Biros

Peter Biros is a water polo major in Hungarian group. He was a piece of 2000, 2004, and 2008 Summer Olympics in which his group won gold decoration. He was likewise a piece of the 2012 Summer Olympics

He began his vocation in the public group in 1997 out of a worldwide competition held in Spain.

After the 2008 Olympics, he got the Fair Play grant, as he has got pimples in his heart yet played and assisted his group with winning the gold award.

Alexandra Asimaki

Alexandra Asimaki is a Greek water polo player and is a middle forward player. Her group won a gold award in the World Championship held in Shanghai in 2011.

As she gave exceptional execution, she turned out to be best European and World Female Water Polo player for 2011.

In World League 2005 additionally, her group won a gold decoration. In the European Championship of 2010 and 2012, her group won silver decoration.

Alkisti Avramidou

Alkisti Avramidou is a Water Polo player from Greece who plays as a left wing for Olympiacos and Greek National group.

Avramidou was a piece of the Water Polo crew from Greece that won the gold award in the 2011 World Aquatic Championships. Moreover, she has won one silver award in 2010 and one out of 2012 in European Championship.

Avramidou has likewise won two bronze decorations in FINA World League out of which one she won in 2010 and other in 2012.

Kami Craig

Kami Craig is an American Water Polo player. She was a piece of the group when it won the silver decoration in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Her group additionally won a gold award in the 2012 Olympics held in London.

Kami was additionally a piece of the American group for FINA World Championships in 2009. She likewise got the lofty Peter J. Cutino grant in 2009 and 2010.

Jessica Gaudreault

Jessica Gaudreault is a water polo player for Canada. She began her vocation as a swimmer yet couldn’t succeed, so she made a change to Water Polo.

Gaudreault was a piece of the lesser worldwide group that won gold awards in 2008 and 2010 in Pan American Championships.

In 2011 and 2013, her group got 10th position in FINA World Junior Championships. In 2015 UANA Cup, Gaudreault was the goaltender and because of her exhibition, she qualified for FINA World Championships.

Natalie Golda

Natalie Golda plays for American group and is considered as the best water polo female hero. She was a member of the American Water Polo crew in the 2004 Athens Olympics in which the group won a bronze award.

Her group likewise won a silver award in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Her group was the victor of gold award in the FINA World Championships in 2003.

She likewise got a Peter J. Cutino grant in 2005. Alongside this, she was additionally chosen as the USA Water Polo corridor of acclaim.

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