The founder of analytical psychology is the famous Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung. It focuses on understanding and integrating the underlying forces and motivations behind human behavior through the study of dream phenomenology, folklore, and mythology. The main idea and objective of analytical psychology is an individual approach to patients’ problems.
Individualization promotes the highest level of awareness. This is due to his mental, collective and cultural experience gained over a lifetime.C. G. Jung proposed his own personality structure, where there are such levels as the Ego, the Personal Unconscious, and the Collective Unconscious. These levels can shape, influence, and compromise the human experience.
C. G. Jung, like the famous Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud, believed that the experience acquired in childhood and various complexes form the Personal Unconscious. But the most important discovery for Jung was that unconscious factors also have a great influence on the individual. They do not depend on a person's personal experience and they have a wider range of applications. These factors have been called archetypes that form the collective unconscious and also make a framework for various folklore trends.
The main function of the analytical process is to identify personal and collective factors in the individual for the realization of his personality. This process of individualization has the global goal-to provide a person with information for his further successful future.