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Darcy Adamson

Hello. I love my job very much. I hope that we will find a common language with you and will be able to help each other.
About Darcy Adamson

Hello. I love my job very much. I hope that we will find a common language with you and will be able to help each other.

On Core Spirit since March 2021
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Darcy Adamson

The tattoo industry around the world is experiencing an unprecedented rise. The emergence of specialized studios with professional equipment and safe disinfection of tools has made body painting as popular as possible. If 10 years ago, the safety of such a service and the quality of drawings left much to be desired, today the masters create subject paintings on the skin with photographic accuracy.

Along with the demand for the service, the age range of clients of tattoo studios has also expanded. Both underage teenagers and people over 30, 40, 50 and even 60 years old want to get a tattoo. A reasonable question arises: at what age is it better to do a tattoo, and what age restrictions exist for this service?

The teenage period is considered one of the most difficult in a person’s life. The search for yourself, the desire to stand out from the rest, impulsivity and youthful maximalism create a truly explosive effect. It so happened that it is during this unstable period of life that the decision is most often made to tattoo something on the body.

This most often causes outrage among parents. After all, a tattoo, which now seems significant for a teenager, can bring a lot of trouble in a year. As a person grows up, he will experience a lot of emotions and shocks, change his views on life, and then with a high degree of probability he will want to get rid of the tattoo. At the same time, even a laser will not help to completely restore the original condition of the skin.

Many teenagers do not inform their parents about their decision. At this point, the responsibility falls on the shoulders of the master and the owner of the salon. To avoid proceedings with parents and law enforcement agencies, responsible tattoo parlors either do not work with underage clients at all, or do the procedure in the presence and with the written permission of the parents.

At what age do tattoos in Russia: the requirements of the law

It is impossible to find specific points about tattoos in the legislation of the Russian Federation. However, lawyers refer to the concept of legal capacity, which is fixed in the Civil Code. A person is considered legally capable after 18 years. Accordingly, until this point, he can not independently make such decisions.

In the Civil Code, you can also find information that if a person under the age of 18 needs to conclude a financial transaction, it must be controlled by parents or guardians. If you perceive a tattoo session as a financial transaction, it turns out that you can make a body pattern at the age of 15. But only on the condition that the parent gives written permission for this and issues it according to all the established rules. At the same time, it is important that the salon agrees to take on the responsibility of working with a minor client.

Darcy Adamson

Working with the body is becoming widespread and in demand, which is not surprising in this age of the power of offices over the life of the citizen. To your taste, all kinds of body practices, “telesca”, massage, Thai massage, osteopathy, kinesiology, craniosacral therapy, tantra, yoga, qigong, Tai chi, various martial arts, Aikido, neo-Raikhian and other “pulsations”, contact improvisation, body-work, dance-movement therapy, authentic movement, Feldenkrais method, Alexander method, Rosen method and many other obscure words.

Working with the body is different, and body-oriented psychotherapy is also very different. But in order not to drown in all this volume of offers and choose what you need and want for yourself, let’s define the concepts.


“Psychotherapy is an impact on the psyche and through the psyche on the human body,” is the classic official Russian definition. You can find fault with it and criticize it, but the main idea is still transparent. We work with the human psyche, and not only the client’s psyche is involved in the work, but also the therapist’s psyche (the therapist will not be able to sit on the sidelines). It is this live “informal” meeting of two people that is the basis of the basics of psychotherapeutic work.

What is the difference between body-oriented psychotherapy and other methods?

To put it very simply, body-oriented psychotherapy (TOP) is a type of psychotherapy that works with the client’s body in order to achieve improvements in his mental well-being. Under this term, many methods are hidden, sometimes very different from each other. But they are all united by the fact that the physical body in these methods goes from the periphery to the center. The physical body becomes one of the main figures in the psychotherapeutic process, the direct key to access to the spiritual experiences of a person.

I found a more concise but succinct description in V. Berezkina-Orlova in her article “Body-oriented psychotherapy”.

There are a large number of areas of body psychotherapy ( … ) The general assumption underlying these theories is the recognition of the existence of integrity and functional unity between the body and the psyche, the interconnectedness and continuity of their relations. The body is not just a “soma” separated from the”psyche”. And, if other areas of psychotherapy only casually touch on this position, then body psychotherapy considers it fundamental.

What are the main methods of body-oriented psychotherapy?

Reich’s vegetotherapy.

The founder, the “Pope” of body-oriented psychotherapy is Wilhelm Reich, a psychoanalyst with a very difficult fate and revolutionary views on the nature of man and society. “Muscle clamp”, “muscle carapace”, “character carapace” - these terms were introduced and actively used by Wilhelm Reich. The direction he founded is called V. Reich’s vegototherapy.

Reich irritated the American medical community ( … ) he claimed that domesticated primates are trained to a degree of masochistic submission that literally makes them sick “physically” and “mentally”. In addition, Reich irritated the influential American community of psychoanalysts by arguing that Freudian therapy alone does not cure anything and should be accompanied by so-called “body exercises”.

Quote from the book “The New Inquisition”, - Robert Anton Wilson.

The Reich method is based on both the direct effect of the therapist on the client’s “muscle clamps”, and exercises that aim to increase the chronic little-conscious tension in the human body to such an extent that the muscles at the peak of tension begin to relax. Usually this can be accompanied by an emotional reaction, the “release” of repressed emotions. It is quite difficult to find certified specialists in this field. Although in one form or another, V. Reich’s methods of work are used by many of the psychotherapists, and even a number of representatives of the new Age and esotericism. I wrote more about Wilhelm Reich on my website.

Bioenergetics by Alexander Lowen.

Alexander Lowen, a student of W. Reich, continued and developed some of his teacher’s ideas. He was in more friendly contact with society, and eventually created his own direction – Bioenergetics (not to be confused with cosmoenergetics, esotericism). Alexander lived a long and rich life.

The goal of therapy is an animated body, an individual capable of full expression of pleasure and pain, joy and frustration. The analysis of unresolved conflicts, the release of restrained feelings and the elimination of chronic muscle tensions and blocks-all this is aimed at increasing the ability to have fun, — wrote A. Lowen in one of his many books.

This method involves performing certain experiments and exercises. “Bioenergetic experiences provide an opportunity to experience and touch the expression of feelings in a specially organized safe environment.” A large number of books by A. Lowen have been published and translated into Russian. Among these books there is a practical guide for self-study, - I will give a link to the book later.


This method offers its own view of the person, linking the psychological and motor (muscle) development of the child. Alas, in St. Petersburg this interesting and modern method is not presented in any way. The bulk of the specialists are located in Moscow Time.


I don’t know much about him, so I can’t write anything sane. As soon as I find out, I’ll finish it )


In Russia, there is a domestic patented method of body-oriented psychotherapy, the author of which is a well-known specialist-Vladimir Baskakov.

I wrote about this method in detail in the articles on my website.

Methods that work with the body, but are not body-oriented psychotherapy.

And now I would like to separate the methods of working with the body, which are often confused with body-oriented psychotherapy, but which are not. The fact that these methods do not belong to body-oriented psychotherapy does not mean that they are bad or ineffective for improving a person’s well-being and quality of life. All these systems are united by the fact that the human body is in the focus of attention. Working with the body can have different goals, and it all depends on the ideology and goals of the system in which these body techniques exist. I propose to consider the most common, and known to me systems.

Somatic training.

So, very close to body-oriented psychotherapy is the so-called Somatic training. This is a collective name for a number of methods, which can include the Alexander technique, the Feldenkrais method, and the Elsa Gindler approach. The overall goal of these approaches is to achieve a more correct, efficient, balanced, harmonious and relaxed functioning of the human body. Restoring the natural grace and freedom of movement that all young children have. These methods are excellent and respected by many psychotherapists, doctors, actors and dancers. These methods allow you to “unlearn”, overcome bad habits in the use of the body, and learn to move more optimally, harmoniously, naturally, gracefully, and ultimately in a healthier way.

Eastern analogues of somatic training can be called traditional martial arts (Tai chi chuan, Xinyi chuan, Bagua Zhang, Yiliquan, Hong za Vietnam, etc.) and qigong methods. These methods have become widespread, but, alas, as the quantity increases, the quality decreases.

Dance-movement therapy (TDT).

TDT is not directly related to body-oriented psychotherapy. But it is a method of psychotherapy, where, as the name implies, dance is actively used.

Contact improvisation.

This is an extremely interesting type of modern dance, which actively uses somatic training techniques, attention to your body and your feelings.

Manual (Latin: Manus — brush) therapy and its variants.

These are a number of methods that are popular with doctors, especially neurologists. This includes classical manual therapy, osteopathy, applied kinesiology, and cranio-sacral therapy. These methods also have a therapeutic effect, in professional hands they are excellent. But they are not psychotherapy in themselves.

What is the key advantage of body-oriented psychotherapy over other methods?

If you are experiencing difficulties with identifying and defining your emotions, feelings and experiences, then body-oriented psychotherapy will be very useful to you. Emotions and experiences are realized and manifested through the body, so direct attention to the body helps you get closer to what you feel.

Also, body-oriented psychotherapy is perfect:

If you think that your body often causes you a lot of trouble and problems

If you want to establish a more trusting contact with your body

If the life of your body is a blind spot in your life.

Darcy Adamson
11 things to know about laser hair removal

11 things to know about laser hair removal

Thanks to innovative cosmetic procedures, you can easily and effectively get rid of almost any external flaw. So, removing body hair with a shaving machine today is almost the same as doing a manicure with a chainsaw. The problem of excess hair is successfully solved by laser hair removal, and without the daily routine and unpleasant consequences such as peeling, black spots, ingrown hairs and skin irritation.

To learn more about this procedure, we turned to the head of the Moscow studios Soft laser, Delight Laser and Epilaserman Alyona Kaigorodova.

This salon uses the latest lasers with Iplaser technology. With them, the procedure is as comfortable as possible, and the devices themselves are suitable for almost all skin types.

An experienced cosmetologist told how to prepare for laser hair removal and how not to become a victim of deception by unscrupulous clinics.1 How does laser hair removal work?

In order for the laser light energy to affect the hair, there must be special substances in the body that would attract this energy, absorb it and conduct a physical and chemical reaction. The main absorbent substance that is necessary for laser hair removal is melanin. It is he who gives color to the hair and skin.

Melanin has 3 fractions: eumelanin, which is responsible for dark shades, pheomelanin, which is responsible for light shades, and neuromelanin, which is located in the structures of the brain. Ultimately, the predominance of a particular fraction will determine the final shade of hair color. Only the eumelanin has light-absorbing abilities. The remaining fractions reflect light, so hair removal of light hair, whether it is light fluff, blonde or gray, is impossible. For such people, laser hair removal is a waste of time and money. They are usually recommended to turn to other types of hair removal: depilation or electroepilation.

When light energy is absorbed by hair rods containing melanin, various reactions occur in the subcutaneous tissues, the main of which is thermal. The hair is heated to a high temperature, which leads to the destruction of the follicle. Therefore, the process of light hair removal is called thermolysis (thermo-temperature, lysis-destruction), and from a scientific point of view, photo - and laser hair removal is correctly called photothermolysis (light-thermo-destruction). During photothermolysis, the hair is heated to 70-80 degrees Celsius. All the cells of the hair follicle die, including the cells of the hair papilla, so hair growth does not resume for a long time.

But, unfortunately, the structure of the follicles is recoverable, so it is impossible to remove the hair forever.

You also need to understand that there are different phases of hair life: the growth stage, the intermediate and the resting stage. Only those hair that is in the growth phase can be removed with laser hair removal, as they are saturated with melanin. In the growth phase, there is from 20% to 90% of the epilation zone, so after about 2 weeks, the loss occurs in sections. The transition from the sleep phase to the growth phase takes 21-28 days, which determines the interval between procedures for a maximum of 30-31 days.

But it happens that due to individual characteristics, the transition takes more than a month. In this case, a month after the procedure, you need to focus on the hairs that appear: if they are there, then the transition has occurred and you can work.

Often, after 3-5 sessions, the follicle tries to replace the lost bulbs and activates their maturation. This reaction is natural, it is called “paradoxical growth”. But this quickly passes with subsequent procedures. The main thing is to calm down, not to panic and just continue the course.

2 What is the best technology in terms of price/quality?

Today, there are dozens of lasers from different manufacturers. But they can all be reduced to several types: alexandrite, diode, neodymium, Elos, AFT, IPL, and IPLASER.

We only use lasers with the IPLASER system, as they are safe, effective and painless. Our masters are qualified doctors, as it is important to assess the risk and possibility of laser hair removal individually for each client.

3 On which parts of the body can you remove hair with a laser, and on which not?

With the help of a laser, you can remove hair on any part of the body, even on the labia in women, in the nose or in the ears. The exception is the eyes. Since the skin around the eyes is very thin, in order to avoid the risk of any damage and consequences, we do not epilate the hair under the eyebrows, but we can between and over.

4 How many procedures do I need for complete hair removal?

This is an individual question. There are many scammers on the market who promise to do this in 6, 5, and even 4 sessions, but this is a trick to attract customers, no more. Yes, there are rare exceptions when girls ‘ hair disappeared in 4 sessions, but the probability of such a result is about 0.5%. More realistic figures — 6-10 sessions. This is on average. This means that sometimes there are 12. We honestly warn our clients about this, so that they are mentally prepared.

Also, when the wizard tells you the exact number of sessions you need, it should alert you. In real life, no specialist can say exactly how many sessions you will need for a complete hair removal. It’s one thing — it’s the color, thickness and density of the hair. Yes, we can consider them and evaluate the complexity of the case. But there are factors such as hormones and heredity, and no one can predict their behavior. And even if you pass a bunch of expensive tests, there is no guarantee that in six months the readings will not change. So is hair growth.

5 How do I take care of my skin between sessions?

What not to do before laser hair removal:

depilate the selected area (wax/sugaring/electric epilator) less than 30 days before the session. Because during depilation, the hair is removed along with the follicle, and we simply have nothing to affect;

tan 7 days before the procedure;

use peels, scrubs three days before the session.

What to do after laser hair removal:

avoid exposure to the sun or tanning beds for 7-10 days. If you are planning a vacation at the sea, you can use sunscreen (at least SPF50) and apply it every 3-4 hours to all areas of the body that have been exposed to light. If possible, try to protect the treated areas from direct rays;

in the interval between procedures, exclude any alternative methods of hair removal and depilation, except shaving;

we are waiting for hair loss from 10 to 21 days. We don’t rip them out. You can only contribute to their falling off with a washcloth or scrub.

Special cosmetics and care are not needed.

As with any cosmetic procedure, laser hair removal has contraindications. These are:

acute allergic skin reactions, in particular an allergic reaction to light-photodermatosis;

exacerbation of chronic diseases (eczema, psoriasis, lichen planus, ichthyosis, atopic dermatitis, lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, bullous dermatoses, collagenoses, vasculitis, dyschromia);

coronary heart disease and hypertension;

herpes in the acute stage;

dangerous varicose veins (taking anticoagulants should be stopped for a month);

any benign and malignant neoplasms;

acute infectious diseases;

pregnancy and lactation (lactation);

moles, nevi, pigmented and birthmarks, papillomas, we simply bypass, retreating from them by 2-3 mm;

if you have recently been injected with botulinum toxin.

After botox, dysport, xeomin, relatox, various dermafillers and biorevitalizants based on hyaluronic acid, epilation in the injection areas can be done only after 2 months. This is due to the fact that any type of energy accelerates the breakdown of the administered drugs. But in other areas, you can do hair removal as usual.

6 Is laser hair removal a painful procedure?

Depends on the laser. On Alexandrite, for example, cases of burns are not uncommon. On our laser, the maximum that you will feel is a slight tingling or a feeling of warmth. There was a case when the client was outraged by the painlessness of the procedure, worried that there would be no effect.

Unfortunately, many girls come to us with traces of burns and scars after visiting other clinics. However, it is important to understand that no technology allows you to make the client feel nothing at all.

7 Is there a risk of ingrown hairs, folliculitis, or skin cancer?

There is no risk of ingrown hairs. Moreover, the laser eliminates them as well. If the hair is not too deep, then the light reaches it, the hair dies and gradually the skin pushes it to the surface. Depending on the neglect of the case, these ingrown hairs can go away for a period of 1 to 8 months.

Folliculitis can have a bacterial, fungal, viral or parasitic etiology, but the laser can not be its source. However, in the presence of the disease, laser hair removal is not recommended, so as not to aggravate the situation. In this case, it is better to consult a dermatologist. In our studio there is such a specialist, the first consultation is free of charge.

About cancer: this is one of the most common concerns. No, the laser does not cause cancer, its light is harmless, this is officially confirmed by Rostest. The laser acts with an infrared ray, and skin cancer causes ultraviolet light. You are more likely to harm yourself by spending a long time in the sun or in a tanning salon than by laser hair removal. Moreover, it is held only once a month. Laser hair removal also does not affect the internal organs, since the light does not pass so deep — up to the lower layers of the epidermis.

8 How do I prepare for the first procedure?

Before the procedure, you need to shave the selected area. This recommendation is rarely given, because for most lasers, you need to grow hair up to 3-5 mm. For us, this does not need to be done, which is certainly more comfortable in everyday life.

If the client wants to remove the hair above the lip or on the hands and did not touch them there before, the master can remove the hair himself before epilation with an electric trimmer.

Well, the most important thing is not to read horror stories, but to tune in to a positive mood.

9 Is it true that the laser removes hair forever?

We need regular procedures. Since the hair on our body is in different growth phases, we can only affect those in the active phase. Therefore, a full course of laser hair removal can stretch for six months, until all the hairs in turn wake up and we do not” light up “ them during the period of active growth.

10 Are there any restrictions for girls with skin features: pigmentation, vitiligo or albinism?

Yes, there are restrictions. As already mentioned, it is impossible to remove light hair with laser hair removal. Also a difficult case – red hair (Scandinavian skin phototype). They are taken, but with a probability of 50 to 50. There were cases when the hair went no worse than dark, and it happened that the laser did not work.

It is important to determine the nature of the skin features. At the household level, it is quite simple to determine whether laser hair removal is harmful or not: imagine whether heating the skin in the problem area will be harmful? If you do not see anything good in this, then, most likely, you should not do hair removal.

Pigmentation, as a rule, we bypass the handle. In any case, it is better to consult a specialist dermatologist.

11 What should you watch out for when choosing a salon?

First of all, I would like to open my eyes to what methods of fraud there are in this area.

First, the laser. Now many salons buy cheap Chinese diodniki, which are ineffective. Very often in such salons prohibitively low prices for procedures, for example, 200 rubles for the upper lip. If this is not a promotion, but a regular price, then you should be wary.

Secondly, there is a part in the lasers (the lamp or the handle as a whole) that needs to be changed. For example, in our laser, the handle needs to be changed every 600-700 thousand flashes, as the lamp power drops, and with it the result of the procedure. But many unscrupulous salons neglect this and shine “empty” lamps. The effect is the same as at home under a light bulb.

Particularly tricky salons do the first 1-2 sessions on a normal laser, so that the client sees the effect, and then, at the 3-4 session, they can make an “empty” handle. As a result, the person is convinced that it is in its features, and not in the flaws of the equipment, because at first there was an effect.

Third, unscrupulous salons carry out procedures, despite the obvious signs that laser hair removal is not suitable for the client. Once we were approached by a girl with a request to get rid of her hair on her hands. She went to an expensive clinic for 1.5 years and did not get any effect. At the first glance, it became clear: she had white translucent hair. When we said that such hair, in principle, does not take any laser, she was shocked, said that she could already buy a car for the money that she left in that clinic.

Or another case. A very dark-skinned man with black hair on his back, stomach, and chest came in. The master noticed that they were already growing stubble and asked what they had done before. The client said that he had already gone to the laser. The master suggested that, probably, there was 1 session at most, because the hair grew quite thickly. But the man admitted that he had already done 15 sessions on Alexandrite in an expensive clinic. Most likely, in order not to burn the skin (Alexandrite can remove hair on the skin only up to the 4th phototype), they removed the power to the maximum, but it was not enough to burn the hair. As a result, the man started our course from scratch. After the first session, the effect was immediately visible, about 99% of the hair that was in the active stage was gone.

Here’s what you will not be told in any salon:

1. Laser hair removal does not remove the hair forever. Only for 12 months, in rare cases up to 5 years. You can say that forever, but subject to supportive procedures. After a while, some hairs will still wake up.

2. Laser hair removal does not happen completely without pain – unpleasant sensations will still be. The difference is only in strength: from tingling, as in electrophoresis, to burns.

3. Some lasers may cause your hair to grow darker than it was before. Our specialists have recently encountered such an effect. They were girls who, after visiting other salons, began to grow dark hair instead of a gun on their thighs. My colleagues in the shop told me that after Alexandrite, unfortunately, sometimes this happens.

4. Before you epilate the entire body, try the laser on a small area of the skin. We, for example, conduct a free test drive – this is when you can do one armpit, see what will happen in 2-3 weeks, and if the result suits you, then come to us for a serious procedure. And more. Some clients say that you need to find a laser that is right for you. So try different ones. We hope that the Soft laser salon will become your “own” place for you.

Darcy Adamson
Extraocular Implant

History and culture Eyeball jewelry was first developed in the Netherlands as a radically new form of body modification in 2002. They were first developed at the Netherlands Institute for Innovative Eye Surgery and are sold there under the name JewelEye . The procedure is completely legal in the Netherlands if it is performed by a licensed ophthalmologist under sterile conditions. In Canada, several provinces have passed laws banning eye jewelry and sclera tattoos due to potential health risks, including in Ontario and Saskatchewan . The procedure Unlike subcutaneous implants and other new body modification procedures, the extraocular implant is currently only performed in a medical clinic setting. The procedure is relatively quick, but requires both eyes to be immobilized with pain-relieving drops, and that the layers of the eyeball where the implant is located are separated by an injection of fluid. Since very few people have undergone this procedure and it is relatively new, the long-term health effects are currently unknown. However, the website of the Netherlands Institute for Innovative Eye Surgery states that the implant does not affect the function of the eye, that is, visual ability and mobility. In addition, patient satisfaction remains high, and no side effects from treatment were observed over a follow-up period of more than one year. Jewelry Currently, the only jewelry supplier for this implant is Hippocratech bv from Rotterdam, the Netherlands . The implant is made of platinum alloy and is available in several basic shapes, including the euro sign, heart, musical note, clover or star, and other shapes can be made by the company on request. The size of the decoration is about 3 mm (1⁄8 inch) across. Extraocular implant - https://ru.qaz.wiki/wiki/Extraocular_implant

Darcy Adamson

Circumcision is a minor surgical procedure that involves circumcision of the male foreskin. This manipulation is particularly popular among Jews, Muslims and Jews. According to experts, such an operation should be performed only with the consent of the patient, especially in cases where there are no significant medical indications.

What is

Circumcision is a partial surgical intervention. Its main task is to remove the foreskin in men or boys. As a result of using this technique, the skin that covers the penis is shortened.

The procedure can be performed in the presence of aesthetic and medical indications, as well as using various methods. The choice of surgery technique will depend on indications such as the amount of flesh to be removed and the area of intervention.

Circumcision in rare cases is carried out according to indications in childhood. This is due to the formation of adhesions between the foreskin and the head of the penis.

Most often, they occur against the background of too early and traumatic exposure of the glans penis.


Kalinina Olga Aleksandrovna


There are several types of circumcision.


In most cases, it is carried out only for medical reasons. During the process, a small area of the flesh is excised. The reasons for such manipulation is the formation of a scar or the removal of excess prepuce.

Free time

After removal, the head of the sexual organ is exposed. The skin gathers in the area of the coronal furrow. At the same time, the fold remains visible even in the state of erection.

Full or tight

Involves the complete removal of the flesh. The fold is not formed. In the erect state, the skin of the scrotum rises up. It is this moment that most men find more attractive from an aesthetic point of view.

Low and high

These procedures differ in the technique of execution. In the first case, the formation of the suture occurs at the place where the frenulum begins, and in the second-at the base of the penis.


This is the most common method of surgical intervention. With it, there is a complete exposure of the head of the male sexual organ. The location of the suture in this case will be in the zone of the coronal furrow.

Why do I need it

Circumcision for boys is carried out in the presence of such indications as:

the development of an inflammatory process in the area of the glans penis, the cause of which may be phimosis;


violation of the urination process.

Also, the reason for performing circumcision may be religion.

For adult men, such surgical intervention is indicated in the presence of the following problems:

narrowing of the foreskin;

scleroatrophic lichen;

development of paraphimosis;

genital warts;

adhesive balanoposthitis, occurring in a chronic form;


premature ejaculation;

injury to the penis.

In some cases, circumcision is performed in accordance with hygienic indications. This is due to the fact that smegma can accumulate in the pocket, which is located between the foreskin and the head of the penis. This is one of the favorable environments for the development and spread of infectious bacteria. During sexual contact, it can fall on the neck of the fallopian body, as a result of which the probability of developing oncological processes increases several times.

To prevent this from happening, it is recommended that a man regularly shift the flesh in the morning and evening and remove the smegma. However, such rules are used very rarely and not all the male population. Thanks to the circumcision operation, a man gets rid of this forever.


Circumcision can be performed in several ways.

Using a clip

The main advantage of this technique is that it is easier to perform, since there is no need to use special equipment and tools. The surgeon is able to independently cope with the task.

However, there is a negative side. Upon completion of the manipulation, an unsatisfactory cosmetic effect is not excluded. After the skin passes all the stages of sterilization, the operating field is formed, anesthesia is administered, the flesh is clamped with a special device. After that, it is pulled back to the distance at which it is necessary to perform the circumcision.

The main task of the specialist at this moment is to choose the right place where the clamps will be applied, so as not to damage the head of the penis. When the clamps are precisely positioned, the flesh is excised, stitched, and bandaged.

Circular resection

After using this technique, the aesthetic appearance of the penis is preserved. However, the manipulation should only be performed by a highly qualified surgeon and assistant.

Previously, the doctor applies a dotted line along which the incision will be made. As a rule, it is located under the crown of the head and is presented in the form of a V-shaped shape. The tip of the incision should correspond to the location of the bridle. Next, the flap of skin is pulled in the direction of the base of the penis and make a line from the inside. After circumcision, the wound surface is sewn up.

Dorsal incision

Often this method is used for phimosis. At the same time, the probability of obtaining an unsatisfactory effect is practically absent.

2 clamps are applied to the flesh in an X-shaped arrangement. After that, the cut is made to the line of the previously applied marking. As a result, no more than 5 millimeters of flesh may remain. Next, blood vessels are coagulated, stitches and a bandage are applied.

Laser method

Laser circumcision is performed by injecting a local anesthetic. All manipulations must be performed strictly under sterile conditions.

After the injection of the drug, the base of the penis is tightened with a tourniquet. Next, the surface is treated with a disinfectant and a circular incision is made from the outside.

In this case, there is an independent normalization of hemostasis.


It is important to remember that circumcision is a serious surgical intervention that is prohibited under certain restrictions, as this increases the likelihood of developing consequences.

Such contraindications include the following pathological conditions:

paraphimosis at the stage of development;

malignant neoplasms, the location of which is the head of the penis or other parts of the genitourinary system;

hemophilia and other blood fluid clotting disorders;

ulcers in the area of the location of the penis;


Sometimes specialists can supplement this list with other restrictions, which will be based on the characteristics of the man’s body.


Surgical intervention requires special training. Before performing circumcision, it is necessary to consult with a specialist who will conduct an external examination, assess the condition of the foreskin and identify the feasibility of such manipulation. After that, the patient will have to undergo a diagnostic examination, including a set of studies.

General blood test

Thanks to this method, you can determine the level of hemoglobin. It also allows you to determine the presence or absence of anemia and inflammation in the human body.

General urinalysis

It makes it possible to detect diseases of the urogenital tract. During the study, red blood cells, mucus, microbes, and epithelial cells can be detected.


Allows you to assess the state of the patient’s body as a whole.


Determines the level of blood clotting. It also prevents blood clots, reduces the likelihood of bleeding opening.

Urethral smear on flora

This is a mandatory measure at the preparatory stage. Pathogenic pathogens that can be detected during the study are an absolute contraindication to circumcision.


Ultrasound examination of the genitals allows you to diagnose various pathological processes, against which the risk of consequences is not excluded.

If no contraindications were found as a result of the diagnosis, the doctor together with the patient selects the optimal day for the operation and gives subsequent recommendations.

At least 14 days before the expected date, you need to stop smoking, alcohol and taking anticoagulants. 4 hours before the intervention, it is forbidden to eat and drink.


Regardless of the chosen method of circumcision, surgical intervention involves several consecutive stages.

First, the sexual organ is treated with an antiseptic solution. After that, a local anesthetic is injected at the base of the penis. If the patient is a boy, then general anesthesia is administered.

At that moment, while there is a loss of sensitivity, the skin is stretched as much as possible, the head is cut in a circle, excised, the leaves are separated and the bridle is cut.

If incomplete circumcision is implied, then most of the skin remains, which partially covers the head of the penis.

With any method, the inner leaf and scars, if any, are removed.

In the end, stitches made of self-absorbable material are applied to the wound surface.

Does it hurt or not

The procedure is painful and is accompanied by unpleasant sensations. Therefore, depending on the age of the patient, general or local anesthesia can be used.

Recovery period

The implementation of a number of recommendations that the surgeon will give will help to reduce the time of rehabilitation and reduce the risks of adverse consequences.

For one to one and a half months, you will need to exclude sexual contacts from your life. In the future, for another 60-90 days, you can have sex only with a condom, which will protect you from infection.

Darcy Adamson
Permanent Makeup from " A " to "Z": Types, How to Do, Care, Correction and Removal, Consequences

Permanent makeup from “ A ” to “Z”: types, how to make, care, correction and removal, consequences

Do you want to know how to make permanent makeup? What is this procedure? Why is it dangerous and what advantages does it offer? Then you have come to the right place, because this article will answer most of your questions.

Essence and varieties

“What is it?” — quite a natural question that pops up in the head of most users when they first encounter permanent makeup. I must say, even among those who have already had a chance to resort to the procedure, not everyone fully understands what it is. Therefore, we will conduct a small educational program.

Permanent makeup is the creation of a permanent pattern on the face (or its individual areas), imitating ordinary makeup, due to the introduction of a special coloring pigment into the epidermis and the upper layers of the dermis. Also, this procedure is widely used when you need to emphasize or correct specific facial features or hide its defects.

As for the varieties, there are several variations depending on the application area. The procedure is carried out for:

Eyelids. For this zone, the following are relevant: shadow technique (shading), interstitial and contour coloring.

Lips. Here, color substitution, contour tracing, and 3D permanent makeup are used.

Eyebrows. In the course of such methods as hair technique, shooting and 3D-volume are used.

Good to know! The compliance of the result with your expectations largely depends not only on the skills of the master, but also on the detail of the compiled tech. tasks. The more details (and ideally similar images) you provide to the wizard, the better the result will be.

The advantages of permanent makeup are obvious:

The color of the lips/eyebrows/eyelids becomes more saturated, and their contours become neater.

There is no need for daily makeup application and its correction throughout the day.

It is suitable even for allergy sufferers who react sharply to any decorative cosmetics.

With its help, you can correct most of the congenital defects (from the asymmetry of the forms to insufficient / excessive volume) and qualitatively mask small scars or marks on the skin.

Among other things, it is not washed off with water, does not crumble and does not have a greasy shine. This means that even after classes for which regular makeup is contraindicated (for example, swimming in the pool), you will look irresistible.

What is different from tattooing and microblading?

Often in the network you can find the question, what is the difference between permanent makeup and tattooing or microblading. To answer it in an accessible and correct way, we will consider both of these procedures separately.

With tattooing, permanent makeup differs dramatically. The first procedure involves creating an artistic tattoo, while the second involves applying certain pigments to the skin in order to decorate it or, on the contrary, mask existing flaws.

The timing of their “presence” on the skin also varies. A properly made tattoo will remain on the body almost in its original form forever (here, of course, we do not take into account its forced reduction and age-related deformation of the skin). At the same time, those who preferred the second procedure to him, because of the “fading” of the pattern, will have to worry about the question “how long does permanent makeup last” in 3-5 years.

Why, then, are these concepts considered almost synonymous? The answer is simple: in Russia, the percentage of pseudo-elite salons is extremely high. The education of their employees is reduced to accelerated courses on the basics (i.e., superficial concepts) of applying makeup, and therefore, how can girls who have been trained for 2-3 months (no more than 10-15 classes) know such subtleties?

Plus, do not forget about the marketing moves. When all the competing salons offer services for applying permanent makeup, and only one-a mysterious “tattoo” (and it does not matter that in fact the same procedure is meant), the flow of customers is provided to him.

A special “ pen ” (top) for the manual method of applying permanent makeup (microblading) and a device for the hardware method (bottom)

As for the second part of the question, here, on the contrary, to talk about how permanent makeup differs from microblading, it will be absolutely incorrect, because microblading is one of its varieties. Above, we have already touched on the topic of classification of permanent makeup, however, only from the point of view of choosing the area for its application. If we touch on this issue from the point of view of the application method, then here the types of permanent makeup will be as follows.

Manual (aka microblading)

It is carried out using a special “handle” (a device with a particularly thin blade at the end), which does not vibrate and allows the master to manually draw each individual hair.


When working, a standard device for permanent makeup is used, the needles of which are driven by an electric motor.

Therefore, as you know, the question “permanent makeup or microblading: what is better” would be more correct to formulate as “what is better, hardware or manual application”. And here there is no clear answer, because too many “ pros “and” cons “ will depend on the specifics of the treated skin and the taste preferences of the person himself.

Good to know! Today, the procedure for applying permanent makeup has dozens of names. Therefore, in order not to be fooled by beautiful words, always check with cosmetologists the essence of the upcoming procedure. Who knows, perhaps in the next salon, where it is held the same, but under a different name, the price will be lower.

Nuances of proper care

We already know how long permanent makeup lasts — on average, from 2 to 5 years. However, a reasonable question arises: what is the reason for such a significant time period?

Someone will say the specifics of the skin, someone will indicate as the reason the quality of the pigments used in the application, someone will lay the responsibility on the master. All these statements take place, but we must not forget that not the last role in this process is played by the care of permanent makeup, which is traditionally divided into 2 stages.

Stage 1: Healing

After the procedure of permanent makeup on the skin in the treatment area, a slight swelling is formed, which cosmetologists advise to fight with the help of dry ice wrapped in a clean, dense cloth.

After a couple of days, a hard crust is formed, which is strictly forbidden to tear off or wet! In other words, for the time until it falls off, you will have to give up visiting the pool (baths, saunas, etc.), physical activity that causes profuse sweating, as well as any cosmetics for the face that have a softening or cleansing effect.

Stage 2: All remaining time

If at the first stage you did not violate the prohibitions, and the healing went without problems, further care after permanent makeup is reduced to daily hygiene procedures and attention to the treated areas.

As soon as you begin to notice that the drawing fades or deforms, you will need to contact a cosmetologist. After the inspection, he will make the necessary correction, and your image will once again sparkle with bright colors.

Correction and deletion

Although the possibilities of permanent makeup are resorted to everywhere today, unfortunately, not in all cases, the initial results meet expectations. There are dozens of reasons for this: from the unprofessionalism of the master to the individual reactions of the skin itself. It makes no sense to list them, so it is better to analyze in more detail how you can remove permanent makeup or make edits to it.


Correction of permanent makeup sooner or later is required for everyone who decided to apply it. After all, over time, the color fades, the skin is slightly deformed, and many mistakes of an inexperienced master do not immediately make themselves felt. This procedure does not require much effort or financial costs and is divided into the following types below.

Changing the color

In the modern market of cosmetics, the share of low-quality pigments is quite high, and therefore we can often observe in people who have made permanent makeup, purple or green eyebrows, brown lips, etc.This problem is eliminated quite simply: the master selects the desired color and re-applies it to the problem area.

Contour correction

As you can easily guess from the name, the contour is processed during the procedure. On the border itself, color correction is applied (described above), and a remuver is inserted around it under the skin. Moreover, if the makeup was applied recently, you can make a correction in just one session.


This procedure is reduced to the introduction of a flesh-colored pigment under the skin, as a result of which a masking “spot” is formed, covering the problem area. The main disadvantage is that you can use this technique only on small areas, and in the area around the lips, an unnaturally light contour is often formed (due to incorrect color selection).


Unfortunately, the correction does not always help. And then the only solution is to remove the traces of unsuccessful work. However, do not be afraid of these words. The days of surgical excision, mechanical dermabrasion (resurfacing), and infrared coagulation are slowly but surely becoming a thing of the past. And they are replaced by more modern and gentle methods.

Laser removal of permanent makeup

This method is more popular, because it is considered the most effective, and the effect can be observed after the first session. Its essence is as follows: the problem area is treated with a neodymium laser, whose wavelength is 1064 nm. The beam penetrates the skin to a depth of up to 0.5 cm and by thermal action destroys the capsules of the crystallized pigment by that time. This treatment is great for working with cold colors (blue, green), but it is practically useless against warm shades.

Removing permanent makeup with a remover

In this case, the removal of the pigment is carried out with the help of a special biochemical composition — “Rejuvi Tattoo Remover”. The essence of the procedure is that the remuver is injected under the skin, after which the capsules of the coloring substance are not crushed (as in the case when laser removal of permanent makeup is used), but are removed from the body in their original form due to the lymphatic system

It is worth noting that the choice between these options is not always determined solely by the client’s preferences. Often, to achieve the optimal result, the following factors come to the fore:

The age of application and the depth to which the pigment has managed to penetrate the skin layers.

The type of dye, its nature, properties.

The scale of the problem. As a rule, the remuver is used to treat small areas (for example, the edges of the eyebrows or the corners of the lips), and laser removal is required for complete information.

The quality of the equipment and the amount of materials to work with.

Professional skills of the master.

Specific features and reactions of the client’s body. For example, intolerance to certain active substances or hypersensitivity of the skin.

Therefore, if you have already firmly decided to resort to correcting or deleting the image that did not turn out, you should not rush in this matter. If in the end you want to get the best permanent makeup, find an opportunity to meet with a really competent cosmetologist and discuss with him all possible scenarios.

Good to know! Both the application and removal of permanent makeup-the procedures are almost painless (thanks to pain-relieving creams and anesthetic drugs). However, pain can be provoked by their psychological expectation. To avoid this, it is enough to first take a tincture of valerian (with the permission of the doctor).


Today, the cost of professional cosmetic services is steadily increasing, while pigments for permanent makeup are sold in the public domain for a very reasonable price. Therefore, it is not surprising that people who have decided to independently correct the consequences of unprofessionally applied permanent makeup are gradually becoming more and more.

The choice, of course, everyone here makes himself, but, as practice shows, the disadvantages of such “savings” significantly outweigh its advantages. So, you can:

disfigure the skin with scars and burns, choosing the wrong remedy or not calculating the dose;

introduce an infection, due to the lack of necessary skills, equipment and sterility of the room;

put your life in danger if one of the components suddenly turns out to be an allergen (and provokes anaphylactic shock), and there will be no one to help you.

You can continue this list indefinitely. But fans of such techniques will face their consequences not only in the text, but also directly.

“When makeup is banned” or contraindications for the procedure

Although the application of permanent makeup is universal, it, unfortunately, like other procedures, has a number of contraindications. Some of them are temporary, some are permanent, but it will not hurt everyone to know about both of them.

As you can see, there are enough contraindications for this procedure. Therefore, if you still decide to make permanent makeup, the first step should be to consult with a cosmetologist and your doctor.

Only in this way you can avoid health problems and get a beautiful expressive image, and not a “painted face”.

Darcy Adamson
Free skin plastic surgery

Zh. Reverden (1869) transplanted small areas of the epidermis with an area of 2-6 mm2 onto the granulating surface. S. M. Yanovich-Chainsky (1870) transplanted skin grafts with a size of 4 -12 mm2 containing the epidermis and part of the dermis, for the first time successfully applying this method of CP to close defects after gunshot wounds. J. S. Davis (1914) transplanted skin grafts that included up to 3⁄4 of the entire thickness of the skin. Tiersch (K. Thiersch, 1874) proposed a thin split graft containing only the epidermis. Small thin strips of the epidermis were cut off with a special knife and transplanted into granulating wounds. Ollier (L. Oilier, 1872)produced plastic grafts of large sizes, up to 4-8 cm2, later he used grafts for the entire thickness of the skin for the CP. Blair (V. P. Blair) and Brown (J. V. Brown, 1929) used a manual method of splitting the skin, with the help of which they were able to obtain dermoepithelial grafts of various areas with a thickness of 0.3— 0.4 mm. Dermatomic CP is widely used with a split calibrated graft, i.e., with a pre-planned thickness. In our country, K. The works of H. N. Blokhin, B. A. Petrov, M. V. Kolokoltsev, E. I. Shumilkina, T. Ya. Aryev, A. K. Tychinkina and other surgeons are devoted to the split dermatome graft surgery. In dermatomic CP, thin skin grafts are placed on a previously prepared wound surface and covered with a pressure bandage. On the second day, be sure to make a careful change of the dressing in order to avoid displacement of the graft with a dried bandage. Thicker dermatomic grafts are used for CPR purposes on the face, palmar surfaces of the hands, in the area of the joints and plantar surfaces of the feet. The area of the skin used for plastic surgery (donor) is covered with a sterile bandage; it can be reused for CP after 8-10 days, and if necessary repeatedly, which is especially important in the treatment of extensive burns.

B. A. Petrov (1950), R. Mowlem (1952), and D. Jackson (1952) used tape - shaped alternating split auto-and homotransplants to close wounds after extensive burns. CP was performed at the end of the 3rd week after the burn. Auto-and homotransplants covered the entire wound surface. Homotransplants slowly dissolve, autotransplants, gradually expanding to the sides, cover the granulations. Thin flaps with a thickness of 0.1—0.2 mm are used; they take root better than thick ones, do not require fixing to the edges of the wound and are almost not subject to retraction. With an insufficient supply of skin, with extensive burns, Gabarro (P. Gabarro, 1943) proposed a “vintage” method of CP— small rectangular grafts placed on the wound surface at different intervals.

The full-layer free CP was proposed by Lawson (G. Lawson, 1870) and A. S. Yatsenko (1871). Graft sizes are 2-4-6 mm2. Krause (F. Krause) in 1893 used grafts up to 20— 25 cm2 for CP.

Pyasetsky (1870) for better engraftment, skin grafts were immersed in wells, which were previously made in granulations. This “immersion” method of skin grafting was later improved by Brown (W. Braun, 1920) and Alglave (P. Alglave, 1927). Brown transplanted small epidermal grafts with a needle under the granulation. Alglav immersed full-layer skin grafts under granulations or in wells created by scraping out the granulations. A perforated flap-screen is used to close large skin defects. Douglas first applied circular incisions in the graft area, after which the skin flap was separated, leaving round areas of skin for epithelization of the donor wound. Dragstedt and Wilson performed linear incisions on the skin graft. The donor wound was sewn tightly. The creation of holes in the graft contributed to a good drainage of the wound and allowed to increase the area of the graft.

One of the varieties of full-layer free CP is the replantation of skin flaps on the wound, completely torn off at the time of injury, proposed by V. K. Krasovitov in 1935. The method of replanting skin flaps according to Krasovitov for scalped wounds of the head and limbs is successfully used in emergency surgery. In case of contamination, the scalped skin is washed with soap and a brush in running water, oil stains are removed with ether, after which the skin flap is immersed in rivanol solution.

The subcutaneous tissue is removed with a dermatome, the skin flap is dried and transplanted to the wound. Skin replantation is allowed within 6 hours after the wound, but methods have been developed to significantly extend the time for maintaining the viability of the separated skin flap.

Darcy Adamson
Changing the shape of the nose

Changing the shape of the nose: Pinocchio is not necessary

Rhinoplasty is a modern method of surgically changing the shape of the nose. Not everyone is lucky with a beautiful, neat and accentuating nose. An incorrect or ugly form from birth, as well as changes after an injury, can cause serious complexes. Any experienced plastic surgeon will say: “Do not withdraw into yourself because of a small aesthetic problem.” Especially with the development of modern medicine in the field of nose surgery.

Reduce it, make it more expressive, flirtatiously upturned or with a sharp tip? Changing the shape of the nose depends on your desire and the natural characteristics of the body. When preparing for nose correction surgery, the specialist will have to study the anatomy of your face in detail, because the operation will change your appearance. By the way, many surgeons will be able to model the future nose and your appearance in advance with the help of computer programs.

As with many operations, nose surgery has its own characteristics: the recommended age for correction is from 18 to 35 years. The youngest age for girls is 13-14 years, for young people the age limit rises to 15 years. This is due to the formation of the facial bone and cartilage-the septum of the nose, because often during the operation, external incisions are not made. For example, to reduce the size of the nose, the doctor in some cases removes wing cartilage.

Depending on the case and the patient’s wishes, the protruding part of the bone (the hump) can be removed or, on the contrary, implants can be installed (when correcting the sunken back of the nose).

The first results can be evaluated in a few weeks, when the postoperative edema subsides. However, to speed up rehabilitation and complete recovery, it is necessary to follow all the doctor’s recommendations and periodically come for preventive examinations.

When choosing where to perform a surgical change in the shape of the nose in Moscow, pay special attention to the choice of a good plastic surgeon. After all, the outcome of the operation depends on his experience and vision.

Darcy Adamson

Plastic nose tip: a spectacular transformation

Sometimes such a small thing as the tip of the nose spoils the appearance of the face as a whole. The straight, thin back of the nose may be disfigured by a forked, knobby, or upturned tip. It is the end part that is responsible for the overall aesthetic perception of the nose and the entire face.

Ideal parameters can be called the shape of the nose, when the angle between it and the upper lip is from 90° to 120°, and the distance from the bridge of the nose to the tip is about a third greater than the distance to which the nose protrudes from the face. There are even accurate digitized indicators of ideal parameters, however, all faces are different, and the main thing is that the nose should sit harmoniously on the face and fit it well. Sometimes owners of large noses with a hump resort to rhinoplasty and, having acquired ideal parameters, lose part of their charm. But, if the owner of the nose of an imperfect shape decides that from him, an ugly nose, all the troubles – only plastic surgery can help him.

Plastic nose tip: professional difficulties

Plastic nose tip refers to complex aesthetic operations. The surgeon must be more than just a master, he must have a very precise harmonic sense and a vision of proportions. Technically, rhinoplasty of the back of the nose is easier than plastic surgery of the tip of the nose. Surgeons have their own professional classification of the tips of the nose: their shape can be upturned, forked, lowered, “nodding” (lowered when talking or smiling), thin or wide. Each of them requires an individual approach, there is no universal advice. Some techniques are simpler and consist of simple removal of cartilage tissue. While others, more time-consuming, give the best aesthetic and long-term result.

Indications and preparation for surgery

Nose plasty is performed for the following indications:

violation of the functions of the nasal breathing due to the curvature of the end part of the nose;

if the nasal septum is curved and, as a result, the tip of the nose is asymmetric;

after a nose injury or birth defects;

if the patient wishes to change the shape or size of the nose;

with an aesthetically unsatisfactory appearance of the nose.

During a consultation with a surgeon, you can evaluate your future nose using 3D modeling of the result of the operation. The preparation for the operation is standard, and the set of tests requested does not differ from the usual list in the case of surgical intervention. For the maximum possible time before the operation, it is necessary to stop smoking and drink alcoholic beverages in order to restore the normal activity of the vascular system. It is also undesirable to use drugs that affect blood clotting (including hormonal contraceptives). In the evening before the operation, you can not eat heavily, and in the morning it is forbidden to have breakfast and drink any drinks.

How does the operation work?

Plastic surgery of the tip of the nose can be performed in combination with other operations on the nose – complete rhinoplasty or septoplasty (correction of the nasal septum), but it can also be a separate operation. Plastic surgery of the tip of the nose is carried out both open and closed, although recently the second is more common and in demand. But experts say that with extensive intervention, the open method is still relevant.

Full anesthesia is used for complex operations, and local, if the planned intervention is not extensive. Before the operation, the anesthesiologist gets acquainted with the patient’s medical history, identifies contraindications and recommends the most gentle and effective anesthesia.

The duration of the operation varies from one to three hours. The complexity of the operation depends on several factors. For the successful outcome of the operation, the shape of the back of the nose, the strength of the cartilage tissues, the thickness of the skin, the details of the anatomy of the nose, its width and length, the size of the angle between the nose and the upper lip are important. The initial data will form the basis of the operation and affect the final aesthetic result.

The “potato” nose is about the round tip that so spoils the face, which makes the entire nose look more massive. At the very tip of the nose, the bifurcated cartilage is well felt. Joining together both sides of the cartilage makes the tip of the nose thinner. This operation is considered to be the simplest, however, if the nostrils of the nose are wide, an expanded plastic nose tip is required. To make the nostrils thinner to match the tip, their skin is slightly excised and then the places of the incisions are sewn together. So on each side of the nostrils become narrower.

Correction of the broad tip of the nose consists in connecting the bifurcated parts of the cartilage with a plate made of the patient’s own cartilage tissue. It is taken from the ear cartilage or formed from the cartilage of the nose. Narrowing of the broad tip of the nose may be accompanied by a decrease in the back of the nose, if it is also wide. Sometimes the width of the nose depends on the width of the nostrils, and then they are also sutured, as described above. If the doctor considers the cause of a wide nose to be excess adipose tissue, he removes it, thereby forming a thin, elegant tip.

Plastic surgery of the tip of the nose in the case of its outstanding length is carried out by removing excess cartilage. As a rule, shortening a long nose is combined with correcting the width of the nostrils and slightly lifting the tip itself, which is narrowed if necessary. Sometimes they make a hypercorrection of the tip of the nose, so that when it is inevitably lowered, it takes the right place. Plastic nose tip with hypercorrection is also found when the tip of the nose is lowered. One of the options for its correction is the addition of cartilage tissue, so that it will rise.

Correction of the protruding forked part at the tip of the nose is corrected in the same way as the wide nose. But in the case of a forked tip, the protruding parts of the cartilage are excised. Then, if necessary, they are fastened with an autotransplant from the patient’s cartilage tissue.

Non-surgical nose tip plastic surgery

When a very small correction of the tip of the nose is required, a low-traumatic reasonable solution is contouring the nose with the help of injections of dense fillers. These are preparations based on hyaluronic acid, which is completely safe and fully compatible with the human body, since hyaluronic acid is a part of it. Contouring the tip of the nose will correct the slight bifurcation of the tip of the nose and lift it, straighten the back of the nose. Contouring of the nose does a good job when you have to make the back of the nose thinner, and the tip-elegant. The only drawback of this procedure is its temporary effect, after which it is repeated every 10-12 months.

The key to the success of the operation

Most rhinoplasty operations are performed with a positive result. Choosing the right clinic and doctor is the first step to a successful operation. Plastic surgery of the tip of the nose, carried out professionally, guarantees a beautiful aesthetic result and full satisfaction of the patient with the effect of the operation. The patient, for his part, must carefully follow the prescriptions of the postoperative period in order to get the result that he dreamed of.

Darcy Adamson

What girl today does not leaf through a glossy magazine or social networks that dictate our standards of beauty? We look at girls from the pages of fashion magazines and see the perfect proportions of the body. But what if no diets or sports help in everyday life?

I can easily answer this question: liposuction will help to cope with the problems of fat deposits! Every day at the Linline clinic I see patients of different ages. Many of them - young girls who have given birth or older women complain of problem areas of the body or face that do not give in to weight loss. Especially often I hear complaints about the so-called “fat traps”, from which the fat leaves very difficult. Sometimes it is simply unrealistic to achieve a good result on your own. These places are on the thighs, abdomen, waist, knees, chin, etc. This is where liposuction will help you!

Now this plastic surgery occupies a leading position in the rating. After all, with the help of liposuction, you can easily, quickly and irrevocably remove fat from almost any part of our body. And since this is such a popular operation, it is no wonder that a lot of myths and incorrect information have been formed around it. I want to dispel a few such myths.

Myths about liposuction

Myth one. Perhaps most often from my patients I hear the question, does not the bumps remain and does not the operation spoil the appearance of the skin? The problem of so-called bumps on the skin is a relic of the past. Progress does not stand still and technology in medicine, too. Modern devices for liposuction are equipped with special attachments and even have a slightly tightening effect. The perfect figure is added to the smooth, elastic and smooth skin.

The second myth is related to the misconception that liposuction is a way to quickly lose weight. Yes, I do not argue that after the operation, for example, you will be able to wear jeans a couple of sizes smaller. But I still want to draw your attention to an important fact! Liposuction is not a method of losing weight, but a method of correcting the figure. This is very important to understand, any surgeon who respects himself and values the health of his patient will not pump you 10 or 15 liters of fat. This is extremely dangerous for your health.

The third myth. Patients often think that liposuction is equated with cosmetology and are very much mistaken about this. Liposuction is the same plastic surgery as mammoplasty or abdominoplasty. Before the procedure for pumping out fat, you will need to undergo a full range of tests and examinations. Also, the more zones involved in the operation, the longer the rehabilitation period will be. The zones and their maximum number are discussed at a face-to-face consultation and have strictly individual parameters.

How does fat liposuction surgery work?

The essence of the operation is quite simple. On the selected operated area, several small incisions are made, through which a cannula (a special needle) is inserted, with the help of which the adipose tissue is taken. This needle moves in a fan-shaped way under the skin, breaking up the fat and removing it under vacuum through a special hose connected to the machine on the other side. You can draw a simple analogy with a vacuum cleaner, where everything unnecessary is also taken away and stored in a special compartment.

Rehabilitation after liposuction

At the end of the operation, the incisions are sewn up with a couple of stitches or sealed with a special glue. After healing, no one will be able to notice any traces of you, even in a swimsuit. For any number of areas subject to lipomodeling, the patient must wear compression underwear. It is necessary to prevent sagging skin and prevent the formation of bruises or bruises. It is necessary to wear such underwear for at least 1 month, and in the first 3 weeks it is better to limit yourself to any physical activity and anticoagulants. You should also stick to a small diet, limit the intake of salt, alcohol and junk food. If you follow all the postoperative recommendations, the rehabilitation period passes safely and without complications, and the result of the operation will please you for a long time. No wonder this operation is considered the least traumatic and safe for the body.

Liposuction is certainly not a panacea for obesity, but you can adjust your figure and give it a seductive shape in just one session. I will be very happy to see you at my clinic “Linline”, where together we will be able to find you the most suitable method of correction and modeling of the figure. The specialists of our clinic provide a huge range of services: from cosmetic procedures to plastic surgery.

Darcy Adamson

Breast liposuction is a surgical operation aimed at eliminating excessive subcutaneous fat deposits in the mammary glands. This kind of intervention is often resorted to by representatives of not only the fair sex, but also the strong. Men can use breast liposuction in the case of gynecomastia.

Very large and heavy breasts are often a significant problem for women, because it makes the profile heavier, increases the load on the spine, and leads to painful sensations in the spinal region. Due to the removal of fat deposits from the mammary glands, their minimally invasive reduction is achieved. Recovery after this method of adjusting the size of the bust is quite fast, there are no scars completely, and edema is insignificant.

Liposuction as a method of breast reduction

Due to its specific nature, breast liposuction is usually performed in combination with other cosmetic operations on the bust. In some cases, mammoplasty is performed simultaneously with breast liposuction, which changes and improves the shape of the bust, its size characteristics, and the position of the nipple-areolar complex. However, the combination of breast liposuction with various types of mammoplasty is recommended only if there are appropriate indications. To find out about the acceptability of this type of operation for you, to see the photos of the results, as well as the price of breast liposuction, you should contact a plastic surgeon.

Reducing the size of the bust through liposuction can be carried out under both local and general anesthesia. Cannulas, which are used for liposuction of the mammary glands, are characterized by an extremely small diameter-about 1 mm. Even if it is necessary to use cannulas of increased diameter, the elasticity of the skin of the bust helps to gently stretch the miniature punctures and avoid unnecessary cuts on the skin.

Breast liposuction in women to remove excess fat from the breast is characterized by a number of limitations. This procedure is suitable only for a relatively small reduction in breast size. With breast liposuction, breast size is reduced only by local fat deposits. If the excessive size of the bust is due to an excessive amount of glandular tissue, then instead of liposuction, they resort to reduction mammoplasty.

Liposuction is not suitable for eliminating skin irregularities. Sometimes there is a flabby skin of the breast after liposuction at the site of fat removal. In such cases, mastopexy, that is, a breast lift, is performed simultaneously with liposuction. Mastopexy can be performed simultaneously with or after liposuction.

Who is best suited for breast liposuction?

The optimal candidates for this type of surgery are women whose mammary glands have an excessive volume due to excess fat deposits. This group usually includes women after the onset of menopause, as well as young women who are overweight.

To assess the acceptability of breast liposuction, ultrasound or mammography is used, which allows you to determine the percentage of fat in the mammary glands. This type of diagnostic examination allows you to understand how extensive the upcoming surgical intervention will be. Liposuction of the bust allows you to reduce its size up to 50%, while the natural contours of the breast do not change. Also, liposuction of the bust usually allows you to eliminate a small asymmetry of the glands and slightly tighten the chest. However, it should be understood that liposuction of the mammary glands allows you to only slightly adjust their external characteristics. For a more serious improvement in the size and proportions of the bust, it is necessary to resort to other options of mammoplasty.

In what cases is breast liposuction unacceptable?

This type of cosmetic surgery is not suitable for women with excessively dense breasts. The fact is that liposuction only removes fat, and the glandular tissue of the bust is quite resistant to this type of exposure. Therefore, liposuction can not significantly reduce the volume of the bust in thin women, whose mammary glands consist mainly of glandular tissue, and the fat content in them is low. Only reduction mammoplasty is suitable for this group of patients.

Liposuction of the bust is not used for severe ptosis. In this case, liposuction is not able to lead to a satisfactory result, since significant sagging of the breast will remain. If the breast is very large, then a significant reduction in the size of the bust can be achieved only with the help of traditional reduction mammoplasty, which involves the removal of not only fat, but also glandular tissue.

Breast augmentation with liposuction

Sometimes breast liposuction is confused with breast augmentation with lipofilling. These are different procedures. Breast liposuction removes excess fat from the bust, reduces its size. Breast lipofilling (breast augmentation with liposuction) is based on the enlargement of the bust due to fat obtained from other parts of the body. During breast augmentation with the help of fat from the surface of the thighs and abdomen, through liposuction, excess fat cells are taken away, and then the resulting volume is transferred inside the mammary glands, which leads to an increase in their size

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